A Parent's Guide to Study Abroad: Safety and Security
by William Hoffa
Overseas study programs recognize their responsibility to do their utmost to provide a secure and unthreatening environment in which your daughter or son can live and learn. Responsible campuses and programs consult regularly with colleagues around the country who are involved in the administration of study abroad programs; with resident program directors of programs; with responsible officials of foreign host universities; with contacts in the U.S. Department of State, governmental and nongovernmental agencies, and with other experts, including faculty who are well-informed on issues and events. It is in no one's interest to risk student safety and well-being.
The ability to communicate almost instantaneously worldwide via fax machines and electronic mail enables campuses (and parents) to obtain and share information quickly and accurately in the event of an overseas emergency that may have repercussions for study abroad programs and students. In short, most campuses and programs have in place an effective system of consultation and consensus-building in order to make proactive and reactive decisions concerning the safe operation of their programs.
Few countries have as much street crime and the potential for stranger-upon-stranger violence as the United States, so in this sense U.S. students may be statistically "safer" in foreign cities and towns than they are at home. Many U.S. students report when they return from a period abroad that they never felt safer in their lives. This does not mean that there is no crime elsewhere or that a daughter's or son's personal safety is ever completely assured. Minor street crime (especially pick-pocketing) is a fact of life in many countries, especially in crowded cities that receive regular influxes of foreign visitors.
Further, students living or traveling in countries that are internally unstable or at odds with their neighbors can certainly be put in harm's way. Carrying a U.S. passport is no guarantee of safety or absolute security. In certain places and at certain times, it is very possible to get caught in the midst of forms of political strife that may not be directed at foreigners generally or Americans in particular, but nevertheless can be very dagerous. Usually risks are knowable well in advance, so precautions can be taken.
On the other hand, there are no documented instances in the history of study abroad when it has been apparent that American students have been the specific targets of political violence. In those few locations where even remote danger might occasionally exist, program directors work with local police, U.S. consular personnel, and local university officials in setting up whatever practical security measures are deemed prudent. In such places, students will be briefed during orientation programs and reminded at times of heightened political tension about being security conscious in their daily activities. Terrorism is a twentieth-century reality and is not likely to diminish (or increase) significantly. To succumb to the threat by reacting in fear may well be the objective that terrorists seek to achieve.
Students and parents should deevelop a family communication plan for regular telephone or e-mail contact, with contingencies for emergency situations. With this in place, in times of heightened political tension, natural disaster or other difficulty, interested parties will be able to communicate with each other directly about safety and well-being.
The U.S. government daily monitors the political conditions in every country of the world. Parents with concerns about crime and security threats in a given country are urged to take advantage of U.S. State Department Travel Advisories, which are available to the public free of charge. Travel Warnings are issued when the State Department decides, based on all relevant information, to recommed that Americans avoid travel to a certain country. Consular Information Sheets are available for every country of the world, and include such information as location of the U.S. Embassy or Consulate, unusual immigration practices, health conditions, minor political disturbances, unusual currency and entry regulations, crime and security information, and drug penalties. If an unstable situation exists which is not severe enough to warrant a travel warning, this is duly noted. Public announcements contain information about terrorist threats and other relatively short-term and transnational conditions posing significant risks to the security of American travelers.
For current information, advisories, or warnings, parents can contact the State Department in Washington D.C. (tel: 202.647.4000), or get access to this same information via the World Wide Web, at:
Reprinted with permission from NAFSA.news, an electronic publication of NAFSA: Association of International Educators, Washington, DC. Copyright 1997 NAFSA.